Like any other bone in the body that has been fractured, fractures of the facial bones (cheek, nose, eye socket, jaw) must be stabilized.
A cast cannot be applied to the face, therefore Dr Wessam must use other methods for stabilization.
Methods for Stabilization
• Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) or Rigid fixation is one method, during which the jaws are stabilized by surgical placement of small plates and screws.
• A more restrictive method is wiring the jaws together, but is also another treatment option.
Facial bones, teeth, gums, and even salivary glands can be affected by facial trauma.
An assessment of facial lacerations and intra oral lacerations, especially deep cuts is required as it can affect tissues inside and outside the calculation of which method of treatment is best for the extent of the wound.
Lacerations are typically closed with sutures that will produce the best aesthetic outcome.
Reconstructive services aim to achieve two goals:
• The restoration of oral function
• The reconstruction of a patient’s appearance.
Maxillofacial surgery includes a wide range of surgical procedures:
• Removal of tumors and growths from the jaws and the mouth
• Jaw reconstruction
• Removal of cancer from the mouth, jaws and neck
• Cleft lip and palate surgery